OPTIMALISASI ZAKAT DALAM EKONOMI ISLAM

Zulfan Efendi Hasibuan

Abstract


As a pillar of Islam, zakat is the economic foundation of moslems. The distribution of zakat for productive activities has certainly brought positive impacts on the national development. Also, zakat has been the main capital of the lower economic society. In the Islamic economic discussion, zakat promotes the justice values focusing on the micro economy. As the social instrument, zakat plays an important role in the moral and social-based economic development. As Mannan points out that zakat is built upon the five principles namely faith, productivity, logical reasoning, easiness, and truth. This writing reveals the role of zakat in the history and its contribution for ritual worship as well as the moslem’s prosperity, particularly for the mustahiq, those who receive the zakat. The question remains is whether zakat is believed as the asset of socio-economic growth or as a mere Islamic ritual. Another question is about the management of zakat which should be productive rather than consumptive. This writing deals with the discussion of zakat as an Islamic ritual which is inherent with socio-economic context. This writing uses the comparative approach between normative principles (al-Qur’an and Hadits) and its socio historical implication.


Keywords


zakat; real sector; social implication

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.Qodry Azizy, Melawan Globalisasi, Reinterpretasi Ajaran Islam, Persiapan SDM Terciptanya Masyarakat Madani, (Cet.1; Yogyakarta; Pustaka Pelajar, 2003

Ismail Muhammad Syah (et.al), Filsafat Hukum Islam, Cet. III, Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 1999)

M. Abdul Mannan, Ekonomi Islam: Teori dan Praktek, (Terj.), (Cet. 1; Yogyakarta; PT Dana Bhakti Wakaf, 1997)

Yusuf Qardhawi, alih bahasa Salman Harun, et.al..Hukum Zakat, (Pustaka Litera Antar Nusa dan Mizan: Jakarta, 1988)

Didin Hafidhuddin, Panduan Zakat Bersama KH. Didin Hafidhuddin (Cet.II; Jakarta, Republika, 2003)

Afzalur Rahman, Doktrin Ekonomi Islam, (terj.), Jilid III, (Cet. 1; Yogyakarta: PT Dana Bakti Wakaf, 1995)

Masdar F. Mas’udi, Agama Keadilan, Risalah Zakat (Pajak) Dalam Islam, (Cet.III; Jakarta: P3M, 1993)

Anang Arief Santoso, Zakat Sebagai Kebijakan Alternatif Anti Kesenjangan dan Anti Kemiskinan, (Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah “Muamalah” Vol.1., No.1 Agustus 2002)

Ali Hasan, Masail Fiqhiyah Zakat, Pajak, Asuransi Dan Lembaga Keuangan, (Jakarta; Rajawali Press, 2003)

Ali Hasan, Tuntunan Puasa dan Zakat, (Jakarta; Srigunting. 1997)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.